Periodontal FAQs

What is periodontics?

Periodontics is the area of dentistry that focuses on the study and treatment of the soft tissue and bone supporting the teeth and jaw.

Who is a periodontist?

A periodontist is a dental specialist who has advanced training in this field.  A periodontist must successfully complete all requirements by the Royal College of Dentists of Canada prior to being licenced as a specialist. A periodontist can diagnose, treat, and prevent different forms of periodontal/gum disease.

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, often begins as a buildup of plaque on the tooth’s surface near the gum line. If the plaque is not removed by regular brushing and flossing, it can harden into what dentists call tartar or calculus.

Plaque will continue to build up over the tartar and eventually cause the gums to become red, swollen, and irritated. This is known as gingivitis and is the first stage of periodontal disease. If left untreated, gingivitis can turn into periodontal disease.

What are the symptoms of periodontal disease?

  • Red, swollen, sore gums
  • Gums that bleed during brushing and flossing
  • Teeth that appear longer or become loose
  • Large spaces that form between the teeth
  • The gums begin to pull away from the teeth
  • Chronic bad breath

Periodontal disease, if left untreated, can cause other health problems, including heart disease and diabetes. If you’re pregnant, periodontal disease can also cause premature birth or low birth weight. Your smile’s health affects the overall health of your body.

Is periodontal disease treatable?

Gum disease is both preventable and treatable. Today’s periodontal treatments provide you with a variety of options that are gentle, safe, and effective. If you have been diagnosed with gingivitis or periodontitis, Dr. Andreou can help you determine which treatment best meets your needs. Periodontal treatments include:

  • Non-surgical treatment
  • Periodontal surgery
  • Periodontal therapy
  • Dental implants
  • At-home care 

Am I at risk of having periodontal disease?

You may be at risk of having periodontal disease if you:

  • Smoke or use tobacco products
  • Do not brush your teeth and floss regularly
  • Have health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, or osteoporosis
  • Have several family members that have had gum disease because it can, in some cases, be genetic


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